What are HPB Diseases?

Diseases of the liver (Hepato), pancreas (pancreatico) and biliary System (gall baldder and bile duct) are known as the Hepato Pancreatico Biliary surgery. HPB surgery is a sub-speciality of the surgery specific to malignant and benign diseases of the HPB branch. This type of surgery is complicated and requires a special medical expert.

Hepato Pancreatico Billiary surgery has emerged as a different branch since the last three decades. It is a demanding branch in various hospitals. Since it affects the most important organs of the body, it requires top-class care and the best surgeon. A good HPB specialization hospital has enough nurses, gastroenterology specialists, radiologists, nutritionists and genetic specialists.

What is liver cancer?
Cancer that begins in the cells of the liver is called liver cancer. The liver is located under the right lung below the diaphragm. There are many types of liver cancer but the most common is hepatocellular carcinoma, which begins in the main liver cell. Cancer usually spreads in the liver cell from other organs and in very few cases, begins in the liver cell.
What are the symptoms of liver cancer?

Most people don’t feel any signs and symptoms in their first stage. But here are some common ones that usually occur in the second stage:

  1. Loss of weight without trying
  2. Nausea and vomiting
  3. Pain in the upper abdomen
  4. Fever
  5. Fatigue
  6. Swelling in the abdomen

There could also be a rise in calcium and cholesterol and blood sugar may drop down drastically. 

Causes of liver cancer

Liver cancels when develops changes in the DNA causes liver cancer. The DNA cells give instructions for every chemical process in the body. When the cells change, there are no instructions which lead to abnormal growth of the cells. The cancerous cells could form a big mass of cancerous cells. 

What is pancreatic cancer?

The pancreas is located in the lower behind part of the abdomen. Pancreatic cancer begins in the pancreatic tissues. The pancreas releases digestive enzymes and hormones that help control the blood sugar level. There are many cancerous and non-cancerous pancreatic tumours. The most common type is that occurs in the duct which is responsible to carry enzymes that aids digestion.   

What are the signs & Symptoms of Pancreatic cancer?

They don’t occur until the disease has reached the last stage:

  1. Abdominal and back pain
  2. Loss of appetite
  3. Itchy Skin
  4. Blood clots
  5. Fatigue

Causes of pancreatic cancer:

The causes of pancreatic cancer are yet unknown but doctors have figured out a few causes that increase the risk of pancreatic cancer. Smoking and certain inherited gene mutations contribute the risk. 

The pancreas releases hormones that help to process sugar in the food we eat. It also secretes various digestive juices that further enhance the process of digestion. Factors that increase the risk of pancreatic cancer are obesity, diabetes, chronic inflammation of the pancreas, old age, smoking, family history of pancreatic cancer. Studies also show that poor diet contributes to the disease as well. 

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